HASHIM SON OF ABD MANAAF

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HASHIM SON OF ABD MANAAF

Post by ILMAdmin on Fri Feb 16, 2007 3:22 pm

CLASS 5 - LESSON 3
HASHIM SON OF ABD MANAAF
Hashim was the great grandfather of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (S). He
had a twin brother whose name was Abd Shams and two other brothers,
Muttalib and Nawfal.
Hashim was a wise leader and one of the important things he did was to
make a trade agreement between the Quraish and the ruler of Syria. His
brothers then made similar agreements with the rulers of Ethiopia, Yemen
and Iran.
As a result, goods could be exchanged freely between these countries and
the Quraish became rich and powerful. Makka itself became a centre of
trade.
In summer the trade caravans went to Syria and in the winter to Yemen.
But the trade routes were not safe from thieves on the way. Hashim
therefore made a deal with the thieves that if they would not attack his
caravans, he promised to sell them his goods at cheap prices. They
accepted this offer because it meant that they would no longer be outlaws
and could enter Makka without being attacked. Allah mentions this in the
Holy Qur'an:
In the Name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful
For the security of the Quraish.
Their security during their journey in the winter and the summer;
So (in return) let them worship the Lord of this House (Ka’ba).
(He) Who fed them against hunger, and secured them against fear.
(Suratul Quraish 106: 1- 4)
At that time there was a practice of the Arabs known as Ihtifaad. When
members of a family could not earn enough to feed themselves, they
would leave Makka and go to the desert, where they would live in a tent
until they died of hunger and thirst. They thought this action was more
honourable than begging.
It was Hashim who told the people not to accept this. He started a scheme,
where one poor family was united with one rich one. The two families
helped each other in the trading and thus both were in a better position.
Tareekh Page 5.9 www.madressa.net
Umayyah, son of Abd Shams, was jealous of the respect of his uncle
Hashim. He tried hard to make people like him by giving them gifts.
However, Hashim continued to attract the hearts of the people by his
kindness and good actions.
Finally, Umayyah openly challenged his uncle for the leadership of the
Quraish. He wanted them both to go to a wise man and let him decide
between them.
Hashim agreed on two conditions. He said that the loser should sacrifice
100 camels to feed the pilgrims in the Haj season and also leave Makka
for 10 years. Umayyah agreed to these conditions.
When the wise man saw and heard the two men, he immediately said that
Hashim was more fit to rule and so Umayyah was forced to leave Makka.
He spent 10 years in Syria. Ever since that day the Bani Umayyah became
the enemies of the Bani Hashim.
Research Box
Find out a bit more about some of the Bani Umayyah. What sort of people
were they? How did they treat the Holy Prophet (S) and other members of
the Ahlul Bayt (A).
Hashim died in Syria. He left behind 5 sons: Abdul Muttalib, Asad, Nadha,
Saifi and Abusaifi. The last three had no children and Asad had only one
daughter Fatima who was the mother of Imam Ali (A).
Tareekh Page 5.10 www.madressa.net
Exercise
Complete the family tree:
Qusay
_______________ _______________
_______________
_________ _________ _________ _________ _________
_________
Now you know…
♦ Hashim was the great grandfather of the Holy Prophet (S).
♦ He had a twin brother called Abd Shams.
♦ Hashim was a wise leader. He made the Quraish rich by making a
trade agreement with the ruler of Syria. He also made an agreement
with the thieves on the trade routes, that if they would not attack the
trade caravans, then he would sell them his goods at cheap prices.
♦ He brought an end to the practise of Ihtifaad, by uniting one rich
family with one poor family.
♦ Hashim’s nephew, Ummayah (son of Abd Shams) was jealous of the
respect of his uncle. He challenged his uncle for the leadership of the
Quraish.
♦ He lost the challenge, and had to sacrifice 100 camels to feed the
Hajj pilgrims and leave Makka for 10 years. From then on, the Bani
Ummayah became the enemies of the Bani Hashim.
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