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Post by ILMAdmin on Fri Feb 16, 2007 3:21 pm

The Well of Zam Zam
The well of Zam Zam had existed since the time of Prophet Ibrahim (A). It
was a sign of Allah's Mercy to Prophet Ibrahim's (A) wife Hajira and son
Prophet Isma'il (A). This blessed well exists even today.
After Prophet Isma'il (A), the tribe of Jarham settled around the well of Zam
Zam and used its water for their needs. When they grew rich and powerful
in Makka, they did not take care of the well and overused it, so it dried up.
By the time Abdul Muttalib was born, people only knew that the well of
Zam Zam existed, but nobody knew where it was anymore.
One day Abdul Muttalib received instructions in a dream to dig up Zam
Zam and was given some signs as to where it was. He took his eldest son
Harith, and after digging for four days, they managed to find the entrance
of the well.
The Quraish claimed that the well belonged to the whole tribe so everyone
should have the honour of digging the well. Abdul Muttalib wanted to dig
up the well himself, so that he could arrange the distribution of water to
everyone, especially the pilgrims, in an organised way.
They could not reach a decision, so they decided to go to a famous wise
person in Syria and follow whatever he said.
Every clan sent one person to represent itself. Abdul Muttalib with his son
and companions were in one caravan and the others were in another.
During the long journey Abdul Muttalib's caravan had run out of water so
they asked the other people for some, but were refused. The situation was
such that Abdul Muttalib thought they would die and asked everyone to dig
their grave so that when the first person died the other would bury him,
and it would only be the last person who would remain unburied. They all
dug their own graves.
Tareekh Page 5.15 www.madressa.net
After some time Abdul Muttalib decided that it was better to keep
searching than to die in such a way. By Allah's Mercy, they soon
discovered water. Thus, they were able to quench their thirst and fill their
waterskins. The other group requested for water. The companions of
Abdul Muttalib tried to refuse, but Abdul Muttalib said that if they did that,
then there would be no difference between the two.
Seeing the kindness of Abdul Muttalib, the other group said that the
miracle of discovering water in the middle of the desert was proof from
Allah that the well of Zam Zam belonged to Abdul Muttalib. They did not go
on any further and returned to Makka at once.
On his return, Abdul Muttalib dug deeper in the well and found some
treasure - two gold deer, some swords and battle armour. The Quraish
again claimed a share of the treasure and were prepared to fill up the well
if they did not get it. It was decided to draw lots, and the result was that the
two gold deer went to the Holy Ka’ba and the rest to Abdul Muttalib, and
the Quraish got nothing.
It was then that Abdul Muttalib gave 1/5 of his share to be spent in the way
of Allah.
How is the well of Zam Zam connected to walking between Safa and
Marwah during Haj? Write a little bit about it below.
Extension Exercise
After reading this lesson, what have you learnt about the tribe of Quraish?
What sort of people were they? Think about the way they behaved
towards Abdul Muttalib.
Tareekh Page 5.16 www.madressa.net
Now you know…
♦ The well of Zam Zam has existed since the time of Prophet Ibrahim
(A). In its early days it was overused, and it dried up. At the time of
Abdul Muttalib knew nothing about the well except that it existed.
♦ In a dream Abdul Muttalib received instructions to dig up the well, but
the Quraish refused to let him dig alone. So, they decided to seek the
advice of a wise man, who lived in Syria.
♦ On the way to Syria, Abdul Muttalib and his companions ran out of
water. Everyone refused to give them water.
♦ However, by the mercy of Allah, Abdul Muttalib discovered water,
which he willingly shared with others. The Quraish thought this was a
sign from Allah that the well of Zam Zam belonged to Abdul Muttalib.
They all returned to Makka.
♦ When they returned, Abdul Muttalib dug further and discovered some
treasure. From his share, he donated 1/5 in the way of Allah.

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