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Post by ILMAdmin on Fri Feb 16, 2007 3:20 pm

Abdul Muttalib's Nazr
When Abdul Muttalib was digging the well of Zam Zam, he felt that his
position amongst the Quraish was weak because he had only one son. At
that time he made a Nazr, a promise to Allah, that if he got 10 sons, he
would sacrifice one of them to Allah.
Allah blessed Abdul Muttalib with many children. He had 12 sons, some
whose names were Harith, Abu Talib, Hamza, Abbas, Abu Lahab and
Zubayr. He also had 6 daughters.
When the number of his sons reached ten, Abdul Muttalib knew it was time
to fulfil the Nazr. Although it was very difficult for him to sacrifice and lose
one of his beloved sons, he did not want to break his promise to Allah.
After discussing the matter with his sons, he decided that one would be
selected by drawing lots. When the lots were drawn, the name of Abdullah,
the father of our Holy Prophet (S), came up.
Abdullah was the youngest and most loved son of his father, but Abdul
Muttalib did not turn away from his duty and took Abdullah to the place of
sacrifice. However, his family and the people of Quraish were very sad at
the thought of losing the young Abdullah and begged Abdul Muttalib to find
another solution.
When the problem was put before a wise man, he suggested that a lot
should be cast between Abdullah and 10 camels. In case the lot still fell to
Abdullah, a further 10 camels should be added and the lot cast again. This
should be repeated till the lot fell to the camels.
In those days the penalty for the accidental killing of a person (blood price)
was 10 camels, and the Quraish liked this solution. After a great deal of
persuasion, Abdul Muttalib agreed.
Tareekh Page 5.18 www.madressa.net
A lot was cast between Abdullah and 10 camels but the result was
Abdullah. The number was increased to 20, but still Abdullah's name came
out. The number was increased by 10 until it reached 100. Finally when a
lot was cast between Abdullah and 100 camels, the lot fell to the camels.
The people were overjoyed, but Abdul Muttalib was not sure he had
fulfilled his duty to Allah. So he drew the lots three more times, and each
time it fell to the camels.
Finally, Abdul Muttalib was satisfied that his action was correct. He ordered
that 100 camels belonging to him should be slaughtered that same day in
front of the Holy Ka’ba and no person or animal should be stopped from
eating the meat.
In this way Allah protected Abdullah, who later was to become the father of
our Holy Prophet Muhammad (S). One year before Aamul Feel (The Year
of the Elephant), Abdullah got married to Aamina, daughter of Wahab.
Aamina was to become the mother of the Holy Prophet (S).
One year after his marriage, Abdullah was returning from trade in Syria
and fell ill in Madina. When Abdul Muttalib heard about it, he sent his son
Harith to go and see him. By the time Harith arrived, Abdullah had died. He
was buried in Madina. He died two months before his great son was born.
The Holy Prophet (S) used to say, "I am the son of two sacrifices, Prophet
Isma'il (A) and Abdullah".
What did the Holy Prophet (S) mean about the sacrifice of Prophet Isma’il
(A)? Write a few sentences about it below.
Extension Exercise
In the Holy Qur’an, Allah praises Imam Ali (A) and his family for the Nazr
they made and kept as they had promised in Suratu Dahr (the Time),
verses 7 and 8. Find these verses and write the translation
Tareekh Page 5.19 www.madressa.net
Now you know…
♦ Abdul Muttalib made a Nazr that if he got 10 sons, he would sacrifice
one in the way of Allah.
♦ He had twelve sons and six daughters.
♦ To fulfil his Nazr, he decided to pick his son whom he would sacrifice
by casting lots. His son Abdullah came up. He was Abdul Muttalib’s
youngest and most loved son.
♦ The Quraish were unhappy with the thought of sacrificing Abdullah,
so it was decided that a lot should be cast between Abdullah and ten
camels. If the lot fell to Abdullah then ten more camels should be
added and the lot repeated.
♦ Finally, after many repetitions, when a lot between Abdullah and 100
camels was cast, it fell to the camels. Thus, the camels were
♦ Abdullah married Amina and from their marriage the Holy Prophet (S)
was born. Sadly, Abdullah died two months before the birth of his
great son.

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