ABDUL MUTTALIB - SON OF HASHIM (PART 4)

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ABDUL MUTTALIB - SON OF HASHIM (PART 4)

Post by ILMAdmin on Fri Feb 16, 2007 3:19 pm

CLASS 5 - LESSON 7
ABDUL MUTTALIB - SON OF HASHIM (PART 4)
Aamul Feel - The Year of the Elephant
Art Box
When you have finished reading this lesson:
Draw on an A4 size paper a picture of this story. Show the Ka’ba, the
mountains surrounding it, the birds with stones in their claws flying towards
the army of Abraha and the Elephant. In the corner of the picture write out
Suratul Feel.
The best pictures will be displayed on Madressa’s Web Page on the
Internet.
Yemen is a country that neighbours Arabia. Just before the birth of our
Holy Prophet Muhammad (S), the ruler of Yemen was a man called
Abraha. When Abraha learnt that the Arabs looked upon the Holy Ka’ba
with great honour, he decided to build a huge church in San'a in Yemen.
When the church was built, he asked the Arabs to leave the Holy Ka’ba
and come to his church instead.
The Arab tribes not only ignored this invitation, but one night a woman
from the tribe of Bani Afqam even used the place as a toilet. In another
incident, some Arab travellers sheltering in the church lit a fire to keep
themselves warm and by mistake burnt the church down. As a result,
Abraha was very angry and decided to destroy the Holy Ka’ba once and
for all.
In 570 A.D. Abraha marched at the head of a huge army towards Makka.
He camped outside Makka, and then sent a few of his people to capture
the camels of the Makkans. Of the camels captured, around 200 belonged
to Abdul Muttalib.
An officer from Abraha came to the Makkans, saying that he did not wish
to hurt them but had come to demolish the Holy Ka’ba with his Elephant.
Abdul Muttalib, the chief of the Quraish, said that they too did not want to
fight Abraha. As for the Holy Ka’ba, it was the house of Allah and He would
do whatever He pleased.
Tareekh Page 5.21 www.madressa.net
Abdul Muttalib then went with some of his sons to see Abraha. Abraha
welcomed him with respect. He expected Abdul Muttalib to ask him not to
destroy the Holy Ka’ba but instead Abdul Muttalib asked for the return of
his camels. Abraha was surprised that Abdul Muttalib was talking about
camels when the Holy Ka’ba itself was going to be destroyed.
In response to Abraha's remarks, Abdul Muttalib gave a famous reply,
saying: "I am the owner of the camels. The House too has a Master who
looks after it." On hearing this, Abraha shook his head and proudly replied:
"There is none powerful enough to stop me."
On his return, Abdul Muttalib ordered the people to leave Makka and go to
the hills for safety. He then prayed to Allah to protect them and the Holy
Ka’ba from any harm.
The next morning Abraha prepared to march towards Makka. All of a
sudden, a flock of birds appeared from the side of the sea, holding tiny
stones in their claws and beaks. Each bird held three stones and they
showered the stones on the army of Abraha in such a way that the
Elephant and many men were soon dead. One of the stones hit Abraha on
his head and he was so frightened that he ordered the remaining men in
his army to retreat at once. Many of his men died on the way back and
Abraha himself reached San'a with the flesh falling from his body and died
a painful death. This dreadful and miraculous event is mentioned in the
Holy Qur'an in the following verses:
In the Name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful
Have you not seen how your Lord dealt with the People of the
Elephant? Did He not cause their plan to go astray? He sent down
upon them flocks of birds, who showered them with stones of
baked clay. So they became like straw eaten up by cattle.
(Suratul Feel, 105:1-5)
Tareekh Page 5.22 www.madressa.net
Exercise
Read the translation of Suratul Feel. What do you think Allah is trying to
say about those people who plot against Allah and Islam?
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
Now you know…
♦ Abraha was the ruler of Yemen. He built a great church and invited
the Arabs to leave the Holy Ka’ba and come and worship in his
church.
♦ However, the Arabs ignored him, and one day, by mistake, burnt
down the church. So, Abraha decided to attack and destroy the Holy
Ka’ba.
♦ Abraha came to Makka with a great army of elephants. Before
entering he seized all the camels of the Makkans. Then he sent a
messenger to tell the Quraish that he had come to attack the Ka’ba
and did not want to fight them.
♦ Abdul Muttalib went to meet Abraha. He asked him to return his
stolen camels. Abraha was surprised that Abdul Muttalib was worried
about his camels when the Holy Ka’ba was going to be destroyed. He
replied: “I am the owner of the camels. The House too has a master
who looks after it.”
♦ The next day Abraha prepared to march towards Makka. However,
Allah protected His House and sent birds holding tiny stones in their
claws, who attacked the army, destroying them.
♦ The year in which this event happened is called ‘Aamul Feel’ – The
Year of the Elephant. The story is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an in
Suratul Feel.
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