ABU TALIB AND THE HOLY PROPHET (S)

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ABU TALIB AND THE HOLY PROPHET (S)

Post by ILMAdmin on Fri Feb 16, 2007 3:15 pm

CLASS 5 - LESSON 10
ABU TALIB AND THE HOLY PROPHET (S)
At the time of his death, Abdul Muttalib left the Holy Prophet (S) in the care
of his son Abu Talib. Abu Talib and Abdullah, the father of the Holy
Prophet (S), were brothers born of the same mother. Abu Talib took the
Holy Prophet (S) into his home and treated the young boy, who was only
eight years old, like his own son. His wife, Fatima binte Asad, also loved
the Holy Prophet (S) dearly and he regarded her as his mother.
Since the time he received a warning from the Christian monk Bahira, Abu
Talib was very careful about the personal safety of his nephew. He used to
ask one of his own sons to sleep in the bed of the Holy Prophet (S), so that
if any attack was made, he would come to no harm.
As the Holy Prophet (S) grew up, he was always under the protection of
his loving uncle who was one of the most respected leaders of the
Quraish. When the Holy Prophet (S) was older, it was Abu Talib who
encouraged him to take part in the business of trade caravans. He
arranged for his nephew to be introduced into the service of Khadija binte
Khuwaylid. This introduction was to lead to the marriage of the Holy
Prophet (S) to that noble lady. At the marriage, it was Abu Talib who
recited the sermon and conducted the ceremony.
When the time came for the Holy Prophet (S) to announce his mission of
Prophethood, Abu Talib was one of his strongest supporters. While he
was under the powerful protection of his uncle, the Quraish did not dare to
harm the Holy Prophet (S). When the Quraish exiled the Muslims from
Makka they lived for three years in a valley known as the "Valley of Abu
Talib". At this time Abu Talib also went through the same difficulties that
the Holy Prophet (S) underwent, although he could have easily returned to
Makka where he was still respected and honoured amongst the Quraish.
Although some ignorant people write that Abu Talib was not a Muslim,
there are many reasons why this cannot be true. Firstly, Abu Talib himself
conducted the marriage of the Holy Prophet (S), and a person who is not a
Muslim cannot conduct the marriage of another Muslim.
Secondly, Fatima binte Asad was known to be a Muslim and she was also
the wife of Abu Talib till she died. A Muslim woman cannot remain married
to a man who is not a Muslim.
Tareekh Page 5.31 www.madressa.net
Thirdly, at the death of Abu Talib, the Holy Prophet (S) wept for a long time
and then prayed for him. Yet we know that it is forbidden to pray for the
forgiveness of a person who is not a Muslim. All these and many other
reasons prove beyond doubt that, even if he did not declare it openly, Abu
Talib was a Muslim of strong faith.
In his will, Abu Talib instructed his children to always stand by the Holy
Prophet (S) and never to leave him. He also advised them to follow Islam,
so that they would be successful.
The death of his uncle after a lifetime of companionship made the Holy
Prophet (S) very sad. During the same year he also lost his dear wife, Bibi
Khadija (A). For these reasons, the Holy Prophet (S) called this year
"Aamul Huzn", which means "Year of Grief".
Exercise
If someone tells you that Abu Talib was not a Muslim, how would you try to
convince him that he was? Write a few sentences on the next page about
the arguments you would use.
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Tareekh Page 5.32 www.madressa.net
Extension Exercise
Abu Talib looked after the Holy Prophet (S) like his own son. Think about
the ways in which your parents look after you and protect you.
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Now you know…
♦ Abu Talib was chosen as the guardian of the Holy Prophet (S)
because his father Abdullah and Abu Talib were born of the same
mother.
♦ After the warning of Bahira, the Christian monk, Abu Talib was very
careful about the safety of the Holy Prophet (S). He used to ask one
of his sons to sleep in the bed of the Holy Prophet (S), so that if any
attack was made, he would come to no harm.
♦ Abu Talib encouraged the Holy Prophet (S) to take part in the
business of trade caravans. He was introduced into the service of
Khadija daughter of Khuwaylid; later he got married to her.
♦ When the Holy Prophet (S) announced his prophethood, Abu Talib
was one of his strongest supporters. He also suffered with the Holy
Prophet (S) when the Quraish exciled the Muslims from Makka.
♦ Proof that Abu Talib was a Muslim:
1) He conducted the marriage of the Holy Prophet (S), and only a
Muslim can do that.
2) Fatima daughter of Asad was married to Abu Talib, and she was a
Muslim. A Muslim woman can only remain married to a Muslim man.
3) The Holy Prophet (S) cried and prayed for the forgiveness of Abu
Talib when he died. It is forbidden in Islam to pray for the forgiveness
of a non-Muslim.
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