INTRODUCTION TO SALAAT (NAMAAZ)

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INTRODUCTION TO SALAAT (NAMAAZ)

Post by ILMAdmin on Fri Feb 16, 2007 2:12 pm

CLASS 5 - LESSON 17
INTRODUCTION TO SALAAT (NAMAAZ)
Salaat (prayer) is Wajib on a Muslim five times a day. The Salaat is wajib on
those who have become ‘BALIGH’.
Boys become ‘Baligh’, at the latest, by the age of 15 Lunar Years and girls become
‘Baligh’ at the age of 9 Lunar Years.
Salaat is one of the main pillars of Islam. It is the first and foremost duty of every
Muslim. In the Holy Qur’an Allah has mentioned it again and again in more than 80
places. Allah has given more importance to Salaat than any other act of worship.
Salaat keeps us away from evil things and helps us live a clean and pure life.
How many kinds of Salaat are there?
The following Prayers are Wajib
1. The five daily Prayers
FAJR 2 RAKAATS
DHOHR 4 RAKAATS
‘ASR 4 RAKAATS
MAGHRIB 3 RAKAATS
EISHA 4 RAKAATS
TOTAL 17 RAKAATS WAJIB EVERYDAY
2. The Prayer of Aayat - Prayer recited when an eclipse takes
place or an earthquake or any other event which causes fear in
people.
3. The Prayer of Mayyit - Prayer recited before a dead body
before it is buried.
4. The Prayer after completing Wajib Tawaf of Ka’aba
5. Deceased father’s Qadha Salaat which becomes Wajib on the eldest son.
6. Those Salaat that we make Wajib upon ourselves by Nadhr.
Fiqh Page 5.33 www.madressa.net
What is wajib in Salaat?
As you already know, Salaat is made up of different parts. In this section, you
will come to know the list of the Wajib acts of Salaat.
There are 10 things which are wajib in the Salaat:
NIYYAT
The intention to perform a particular
Salaat, ‘Qurbatan ilallah’
TAKBIRATUL EHRAM
The first ‘Allahu Akbar’ in Salaat.
QIYAM
Standing for recitation
QIRA’AT
Recitations during the Qiyam
RUKU
Bending from the waist
TWO SAJDAHS
Prostration with knees, palms and
toes touching the ground
DHIKR
The recitations during Ruku and
Sajdah
TASHAHUD
The recitation while sitting down after
the two sajdahs in the second and
final rakaats of salaat
Qurbatan
Illallah…
Subhana Rabbi………
……………………….
Fiqh Page 5.34 www.madressa.net
SALAAM
The final recitation of salat while
sitting down
TARTIB AND MUWALAT
Tartib means to pray in the order
prescribed by the Shariah
Muwalat means to pray without
interruption or gap
The Salaat is like a building which is made up of many parts: Some of these parts
form the foundation of the building, while others are just built upon the foundation. If
the foundation gives way, then the whole building will collapse.
In the same way, the wajib acts of Salaat are divided into two categories: Rukn and
Ghayr Rukn.
Rukn means those parts of the Salaat which are its foundation.
Ghayr Rukn means these parts of the Salaat which are not considered as its
foundation.
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